Publications


  • On the role of local depth and latitude on surface warming heterogeneity in the Laurentian Great Lakes 2021

    Calamita, E.; Piccolroaz, S.; Majone, B.; Toffolon, M., "On the role of local depth and latitude on surface warming heterogeneity in the Laurentian Great Lakes" in INLAND WATERS, v. 2021, (2021), p. 1-15. - DOI: 10.1080/20442041.2021.1873698

    2021 journal paper

  • Moored observations of turbulent mixing events in deep Lake Garda, Italy 2021

    van Haren, H.; Piccolroaz, S.; Amadori, M.; Toffolon, M.; Dijkstra, H. A., "Moored observations of turbulent mixing events in deep Lake Garda, Italy" in JOURNAL OF LIMNOLOGY, v. 80, n. 1 (2021). - URL: https://www.jlimnol.it/index.php/jlimnol/article/view/jlimnol.2020.1983 . - DOI: 10.4081/jlimnol.2020.1983

    2021 journal paper

  • Using remote sensing and numerical modelling to quantify a turbidity discharge event in lake garda 2021

    Ghirardi, N.; Amadori, M.; Free, G.; Giovannini, L.; Toffolon, M.; Giardino, C.; Bresciani, M., "Using remote sensing and numerical modelling to quantify a turbidity discharge event in lake garda" in JOURNAL OF LIMNOLOGY, v. 80, n. 1 (2021). - URL: https://www.jlimnol.it/index.php/jlimnol/article/view/jlimnol.2020.1981 . - DOI: 10.4081/jlimnol.2020.1981

    2021 journal paper

  • A multi-site, year-round turbulence microstructure atlas for the deep perialpine Lake Garda 2021

    Piccolroaz, S.; Fernandez-Castro, B.; Toffolon, M.; Dijkstra, H. A., "A multi-site, year-round turbulence microstructure atlas for the deep perialpine Lake Garda" in SCIENTIFIC DATA, v. 8, n. 1 (2021), p. 188. - URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41597-021-00965-0 . - DOI: 10.1038/s41597-021-00965-0

    2021 journal paper

  • Multi-scale evaluation of a 3D lake model forced by an atmospheric model against standard monitoring data 2021

    Amadori, M.; Giovannini, L.; Toffolon, M.; Piccolroaz, S.; Zardi, D.; Bresciani, M.; Giardino, C.; Luciani, G.; Kliphuis, M.; van Haren, H.; Dijkstra, H. A., "Multi-scale evaluation of a 3D lake model forced by an atmospheric model against standard monitoring data" in ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING & SOFTWARE, v. 139, (2021), p. 105017. - URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsoft.2021.105017 . - DOI: 10.1016/j.envsoft.2021.105017

    2021 journal paper

  • Monitoring lakes surface water velocity with SAR: A feasibility study on Lake Garda, Italy 2021

    Amadori, M.; Zamparelli, V.; De Carolis, G.; Fornaro, G.; Toffolon, M.; Bresciani, M.; Giardino, C.; De Santi, F., "Monitoring lakes surface water velocity with SAR: A feasibility study on Lake Garda, Italy" in REMOTE SENSING, v. 13, n. 12 (2021), p. 2293. - URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2072-4292/13/12/2293 . - DOI: 10.3390/rs13122293

    2021 journal paper

  • Deep-mixing and deep-cooling events in Lake Garda: Simulation and mechanisms 2021

    Biemond, B.; Amadori, M.; Toffolon, M.; Piccolroaz, S.; Van Haren, H.; Dijkstra, H. A., "Deep-mixing and deep-cooling events in Lake Garda: Simulation and mechanisms" in JOURNAL OF LIMNOLOGY, v. 80, n. 2 (2021). - URL: https://jlimnol.it/index.php/jlimnol/article/view/2010 . - DOI: 10.4081/JLIMNOL.2021.2010

    2021 journal paper

  • Involving citizens in hydrodynamic research: A combined local knowledge - numerical experiment on Lake Garda, Italy 2020

    Amadori, M.; Morini, G.; Piccolroaz, S.; Toffolon, M., "Involving citizens in hydrodynamic research: A combined local knowledge - numerical experiment on Lake Garda, Italy" in SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT, v. 722, (2020), p. 137720. - URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0048969720312316 . - DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137720

    2020 journal paper

  • On the use of averaged indicators to assess lakes’ thermal response to changes in climatic conditions 2020

    Toffolon, Marco; Piccolroaz, Sebastiano; Calamita, Elisa, "On the use of averaged indicators to assess lakes’ thermal response to changes in climatic conditions" in ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH LETTERS, v. 15, n. 3 (2020), p. 034060. - URL: https://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/1748-9326/ab763e . - DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/ab763e

    2020 journal paper

  • SESTET: A spatially explicit stream temperature model based on equilibrium temperature 2020

    Carraro, L.; Toffolon, M.; Rinaldo, A.; Bertuzzo, E., "SESTET: A spatially explicit stream temperature model based on equilibrium temperature" in HYDROLOGICAL PROCESSES, v. 34, n. 2 (2020), p. 355-369. - URL: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1002/hyp.13591 . - DOI: 10.1002/hyp.13591

    2020 journal paper

  • What makes an elongated lake ‘large’? Scales from wind-driven steady circulation on a rotating Earth 2020

    Amadori, M.; Piccolroaz, S.; Dijkstra, H. A.; Toffolon, M., "What makes an elongated lake ‘large’? Scales from wind-driven steady circulation on a rotating Earth" in JOURNAL OF GREAT LAKES RESEARCH, v. in press, (2020). - URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0380133019302035 . - DOI: 10.1016/j.jglr.2019.10.013

    2020 journal paper

  • SMART Research: Toward Interdisciplinary River Science in Europe 2020

    Serlet, A. J.; Lopez Moreira M, G. A.; Zolezzi, G.; Wharton, G.; Holker, F.; Gurnell, A. M.; Tockner, K.; Bertoldi, W.; Bruno, M. C.; Jahnig, S. C.; Lewandowski, J.; Monaghan, M. T.; Rillig, M. C.; Rogato, M.; Toffolon, M.; Veresoglou, S. D.; Zarfl, C., "SMART Research: Toward Interdisciplinary River Science in Europe" in FRONTIERS IN ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE, v. 8, n. 8, 63 (2020). - DOI: 10.3389/fenvs.2020.00063

    2020 journal paper

  • New Conceptual Framework for the Erosion of Fine Sediment from a Gravel Matrix Based on Experimental Analysis 2020

    Stradiotti, G.; Righetti, M.; Tarekegn, T. H.; Wharton, G.; Toffolon, M., "New Conceptual Framework for the Erosion of Fine Sediment from a Gravel Matrix Based on Experimental Analysis" in JOURNAL OF HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING, v. 146, n. 9 (2020), p. 04020061. - URL: https://ascelibrary.org/doi/abs/10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0001795 . - DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0001795

    2020 journal paper

  • A framework of global competence for engineers: The need for a sustainable world 2020

    Ortiz-Marcos, I.; Breuker, V.; Rodriguez-Rivero, R.; Kjellgren, B.; Dorel, F.; Toffolon, M.; Uribe, D.; Eccli, V., "A framework of global competence for engineers: The need for a sustainable world" in SUSTAINABILITY, v. 12, n. 22 (2020), p. 1-25. - URL: https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/12/22/9568 . - DOI: 10.3390/su12229568

    2020 journal paper

  • Importance of planetary rotation for ventilation processes in deep elongated lakes: Evidence from Lake Garda (Italy) 2019

    Piccolroaz, S.; Amadori, M.; Toffolon, M.; Dijkstra, H. A., "Importance of planetary rotation for ventilation processes in deep elongated lakes: Evidence from Lake Garda (Italy)" in SCIENTIFIC REPORTS, v. 9, n. 1 (2019), p. 8290. - URL: https://www.nature.com/articles/s41598-019-44730-1 . - DOI: 10.1038/s41598-019-44730-1

    2019 journal paper

  • A Model-Based Analysis of Metal Fate in the Thames Estuary 2019

    Premier, Valentina; de Souza Machado, Anderson Abel; Mitchell, Steve; Zarfl, Christiane; Spencer, Kate; Toffolon, Marco, "A Model-Based Analysis of Metal Fate in the Thames Estuary" in ESTUARIES AND COASTS, v. 42, n. 4 (2019), p. 1185-1201. - URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s12237-019-00544-y . - DOI: 10.1007/s12237-019-00544-y

    2019 journal paper

  • On the predictability of lake surface temperature using air temperature in a changing climate: A case study for Lake Tahoe (U.S.A.) 2018

    Piccolroaz, Sebastiano; Healey, N. C.; Lenters, J. D.; Schladow, S. G.; Hook, S. J.; Sahoo, G. B.; Toffolon, Marco, "On the predictability of lake surface temperature using air temperature in a changing climate: A case study for Lake Tahoe (U.S.A.)" in LIMNOLOGY AND OCEANOGRAPHY, v. 2018, n. 63.1 (2018), p. 243-261. - URL: https://aslopubs.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/lno.10626 . - DOI: 10.1002/lno.10626

    Can we predict long-term trends of lake surface temperature based on air temperature alone? We explore this question by analyzing the performance of a hybrid model (air2water) as a predictive tool for defining scenarios of lake surface temperature in the framework of climate change studies. Employing Lake Tahoe (U.S.A.) as a case study, we apply the model using different air temperature datasets (in situ measurements, gridded observations, and downscaled General Circulation Models). Through a data-driven calibration of the model parameters based on surface water temperature records, we show that air2water provides good performance (root mean square error ∼ 0.5°C, on a monthly scale) regardless of the input dataset. The model is able to accurately capture the historical long-term trend and interannual fluctuations over decades (from 1969 to present), using only 7 yr of monthly measurements of surface water temperature for calibration. Additionally, when used to predict future surface water temperature of the lake, air2water produces the same projections irrespective of the air temperature dataset used to drive the model. This is certainly desirable, but not immediately expected when using a relatively simple model. Overall, the results suggest the high potential and robustness of air2water as a predictive tool for climate change assessment. Lake surface temperature warming of up to 1.1°C (RCP 4.5) and 2.9°C (RCP 8.5) was simulated at the end of the 21st century during summer months in Lake Tahoe. Such a scenario, if realized, would lead to serious consequences on lake water chemistry, primary productivity, plankton community structure, and nutrient cycling.

    2018 journal paper

  • Analysis of uncertainty sources in projecting lake surface water temperature: Application to the Laurentian Great Lakes 2018

    Piccioni, F.; Piccolroaz, S.; Toffolon, M.; Majone, B., "Analysis of uncertainty sources in projecting lake surface water temperature: Application to the Laurentian Great Lakes" in Proc. of the 5th IAHR Europe Congress - New challenges in hydraulic research and engineering, Trento: 5th IAHR Europe Congress Organizers, 2018, p. 329-330. - ISBN: 978-981-11-2731-1. Proceedings of: 5th IAHR Europe Congress, Trento (Italy), 12th - 14th June 2018

    2018 extended abstract

  • CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECTIONS FOR LAKES SURFACE WATER TEMPERATURE IN THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES REGION: UNCERTAINTY ASSESSMENT 2018

    Piccioni, F.; Piccolroaz, S.; Toffolon, M.; Majone, B., "CLIMATE CHANGE PROJECTIONS FOR LAKES SURFACE WATER TEMPERATURE IN THE LAURENTIAN GREAT LAKES REGION: UNCERTAINTY ASSESSMENT" in Book of abstracts ELLS-IAGLR-2018, Evian: INRA, 2018. Proceedings of: ELLS-IAGLR-2018, Evian (France), 23th - 28th September 2018

    2018 extended abstract

  • Wind variability and Earth’s rotation as drivers of transport in a deep, elongated subalpine lake: The case of Lake Garda 2018

    Amadori, Marina; Piccolroaz, Sebastiano; Giovannini, Lorenzo; Zardi, Dino; Toffolon, Marco, "Wind variability and Earth’s rotation as drivers of transport in a deep, elongated subalpine lake: The case of Lake Garda" in JOURNAL OF LIMNOLOGY, v. 77, n. 3 (2018), p. 505-521. - URL: https://www.jlimnol.it/index.php/jlimnol/article/view/jlimnol.2018.1814/1473 . - DOI: 10.4081/jlimnol.2018.1814

    The effects of wind forcing and Earth's rotation on the transport processes in Lake Garda (Italy) are investigated for the first time under different thermal stratification conditions and typical diurnal wind cycles. Numerical simulations are performed by means of a modeling chain composed of a meteorological (WRF) and a hydrodynamic (Delft3D) model. Transport processes are studied through the combined analysis of the residual (time averaged) flow field and the trajectories of Lagrangian particles. Results show that strong currents develop in winter under the forcing of synoptic northerly Him winds, especially in the elongated northern region, where winds are channeled by the steep orography. Significant water volumes are displaced laterally by Ekman transport, producing intense downwelling and upwelling along the steep shores. Instead summer patterns are controlled by the diurnal cycle of local breezes, alternately blowing along the main axis of the lake. The resulting circulation reveals counterclockwise gyres in the northern part, driven by the alternating wind direction and affected by Coriolis force. The analysis suggests that complex circulations can develop in lakes with relatively simple geometries, like the narrow trunk region of Lake Garda, where the effect of Earth's rotation unexpectedly influences the transport patterns.

    2018 journal paper

  • The fate of Lake Baikal: how climate change may alter deep ventilation in the largest lake on Earth 2018

    Piccolroaz, Sebastiano; Toffolon, Marco, "The fate of Lake Baikal: how climate change may alter deep ventilation in the largest lake on Earth" in CLIMATIC CHANGE, v. 150, n. 3-4 (2018), p. 181-194. - URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10584-018-2275-2 . - DOI: 10.1007/s10584-018-2275-2

    2018 journal paper

  • Exploring and quantifying river thermal response to heatwaves 2018

    Piccolroaz, Sebastiano; Toffolon, Marco; Robinson, Christopher T.; Siviglia, Annunziato, "Exploring and quantifying river thermal response to heatwaves" in WATER, v. 10, n. 8 (2018), p. 1098. - URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2073-4441/10/8/1098/pdf . - DOI: 10.3390/w10081098

    2018 journal paper

  • Eutrophication, research and management history of the shallow Ypacaraí Lake (Paraguay) 2018

    Moreira, M. Gregorio Alejandro López; Hinegk, Luigi; Salvadore, Andrea; Zolezzi, Guido; Hölker, Franz; Domecq, S. Roger Arturo Monte; Bocci, Martina; Carrer, Sebastiano; De Nat, Luca; Escribá, Juan; Escribá, Carmen; Benítez, Gilberto Antonio; Ávalos, Claudia Raquel; Peralta, Inocencia; Insaurralde, Mario; Mereles, Fátima; Sekatcheff, Jean Michel; Wehrle, Andrés; Facetti-Masulli, Juan Francisco; Facetti, Juan Francisco; Toffolon, Marco, "Eutrophication, research and management history of the shallow Ypacaraí Lake (Paraguay)" in SUSTAINABILITY, v. 10, n. 7 (2018). - URL: http://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/10/7/2426/pdf . - DOI: 10.3390/su10072426

    Ypacaraí Lake is the most renowned lake in landlocked Paraguay and a major source of drinking and irrigation water for neighbouring towns. Beyond its socioeconomic and cultural significance, it has great ecological importance, supporting a rich biodiversity. Rapid growth of human presence and activities within its basin has led to its environmental degradation, a heartfelt matter of high political concern that compels intervention. Here, by reconstructing the history of scientific and management-oriented research on this system, we provide a comprehensive assessment of current knowledge and practice to which we contribute our recent, novel findings. An upward trend in total phosphorus concentration confirms ongoing eutrophication of an already eutrophic system, evidenced by consistently high values of trophic state indices. Downward trends in water transparency and chlorophyll-a concentration support the hypothesis that primary production in this lake is fundamentally light limited. Statistical and other analyses suggest high sensitivity of the system to hydraulic, hydro-morphological and hydro-meteorological alterations arising, respectively, from engineering interventions, land use and climate change. By discussing knowledge gaps, opportunities for research and challenges for management and restoration, we argue that this case is of high scientific value and that its study can advance theoretical understanding of shallow subtropical lakes.

    2018 journal paper

  • Frictional interactions between tidal constituents in tide-dominated estuaries 2018

    Cai, Huayang; Toffolon, Marco; Savenije, Hubert H. G.; Yang, Qingshu; Garel, Erwan, "Frictional interactions between tidal constituents in tide-dominated estuaries" in OCEAN SCIENCE, v. 14, n. 4 (2018), p. 769-782. - URL: http://www.ocean-sci.net/volumes_and_issues.html . - DOI: 10.5194/os-14-769-2018

    When different tidal constituents propagate along an estuary, they interact because of the presence of nonlinear terms in the hydrodynamic equations. In particular, due to the quadratic velocity in the friction term, the effective friction experienced by both the predominant and the minor tidal constituents is enhanced. We explore the underlying mechanism with a simple conceptual model by utilizing Chebyshev polynomials, enabling the effect of the velocities of the tidal constituents to be summed in the friction term and, hence, the linearized hydrodynamic equations to be solved analytically in a closed form. An analytical model is adopted for each single tidal constituent with a correction factor to adjust the linearized friction term, accounting for the mutual interactions between the different tidal constituents by means of an iterative procedure. The proposed method is applied to the Guadiana (southern Portugal–Spain border) and Guadalquivir (Spain) estuaries for different tidal constituents (M2, S2, N2, O1, K1) imposed independently at the estuary mouth. The analytical results appear to agree very well with the observed tidal amplitudes and phases of the different tidal constituents. The proposed method could be applicable to other alluvial estuaries with a small tidal amplitude-to-depth ratio and negligible river discharge.

    2018 journal paper

  • Thermal discontinuities along a lowland river: The importance of urban areas and lakes 2018

    Arora, Roshni; Toffolon, Marco; Tockner, Klement; Venohr, Markus, "Thermal discontinuities along a lowland river: The importance of urban areas and lakes" in JOURNAL OF HYDROLOGY, v. 564, (2018), p. 811-823. - URL: www.elsevier.com/inca/publications/store/5/0/3/3/4/3 . - DOI: 10.1016/j.jhydrol.2018.05.066

    Despite increasing knowledge on the spatio-temporal dynamics of river temperature, a master water quality variable, it remains a challenge to identify the landscape variables influencing thermal heterogeneity along entire river courses. The present study investigated the spatial heterogeneity of stream temperature (ST), and the role of landscape variables, at 20 locations along the 195 km course of the intensively managed lowland River Spree (NE Germany) over a period of nine months. Along the river, four distinct thermal sections were identified, created by thermal discontinuities induced by lakes and an urban area. Three approaches, namely heat budget modelling (estimating the unresolved residual heat flux), both in Eulerian and Lagrangian form, semi-empirical air2stream modelling, and statistical correlations were applied to quantify the observed thermal heterogeneity and the role of climatic (air temperature) and landscape variables (land use, lakes, stream azimuth). Urban areas and lakes were identified as heat sources (in summer), which induced ST discontinuities at different time scales (daily, monthly and during the entire study period). Statistical correlations showed that heat inputs and ST increased with increasing urban area and decreased with distance from lakes. Furthermore, comparison of observed STs and those simulated via the Lagrangian model revealed that heat advection was the dominant thermal process in a lake-influenced section and persisted over a distance of up to 20 km. Simulations showed that this effect could not be significantly diminished even by complete riparian shading along the section, as the sub-daily ST reduced by an average of only 1.5 degrees C. Hence, plantation of riparian buffers should be complemented with additional mitigation measures such as improving the groundwater table recharge, managing the temperature of urban discharges, to mitigate climate change impacts on ST.

    2018 journal paper